Aren’t flowering plants all the same? Well, not exactly. There are several subdivisions under the division angiosperm (flowering plants), and these plants have different attributes. But none of these subdivisions are called outdoor plants; so where did this division arise from? Well, recently, flowering plants are divided into indoor and outdoor plants based on how tolerable they are to weather conditions. In this piece, we will look at outdoor plants, how you can protect them against the weather and disease conditions.
Attributes of Outdoor Plants
To enable you to understand what make outdoor plants thick, let’s take a look at some of their attributes.
– Temperature tolerance
While there is a range of temperature within which plants survive, that range is much wider with outdoor plants. Outdoor plants are not adversely affected by too much sunlight extreme weather conditions.
– Dormancy period
Perhaps one of the reasons why outdoor plants can survive a wide range of temperature is their bigger dormancy period. During this period, these plants exhibit dying symptoms. Their leaves wilt, and the plants shrivel greatly.
How to Protect Your Outdoor Plants during the Extreme Weather Conditions Like Winter
– Practice Intense Mulching
By covering the plant bed with organic materials, you are not only fixing nutrients into the soil when these materials decay, but you are also protecting the soil from the adverse weather condition and, in turn, the plant from the aftermath of this weather. While doing this, ensure you provide a small space for the aeration of the soil and to delay the decaying process.
– Use Screens
While the tolerance of outdoor plants regarding temperature influence might be wide, they won’t survive adverse winter conditions. And since they can’t protect themselves in such situations, it is up to you to assist them. The use of a screen or frame would come in handy. But it won’t do much in protecting them from the indirect effect of the winter condition.
– Anti-desiccants are instrumental
Another way to protect these outdoor plants against adverse weather conditions during the winter season would involve applying anti-desiccants to protect the plant against the harsh realities of the winter season.
– More water does mean less
It might come to you as a surprise, but water can ameliorate the severity of the winter season. You just have to ensure you pour enough water on the adjoining ground around the plant. This would ensure the harshness of the winter doesn’t affect the flowering plant that much.
– Location change could help
If possible, prepare ahead and place plants in flower pots. This way, you can use dollies to move the pots away from the effects of the winter in the outdoor. While you can move them indoors, it is more logical to transfer bigger plants to any suitable shelter.
– Kit them up!
Just like you’d don a sweater during the cold, outdoor plants could use some covering up in the cold weather season. You can use frost fabric to cover your outdoor plants. Avoid leaving the cover in place after the weather becomes mild, and parity is restored. Also, don’t try to wound the wrap around the plant as there is the possibility of aggravating the situation.
How to Protect Your Outdoor Plants against Disease Conditions
Depending on just how sensitive your outdoor plants are, disease conditions could creep into your garden and cause havoc. To avoid such a situation, here are a few things you can do to ensure diseases are kept away from your garden:
- Watch your compost use
What could be an easier way for diseases to penetrate your garden and damage your outdoor plants than through the compost used to add organic matter into the soil. This means you have to monitor the compost you apply to the soil. You want to be sure the compost is good enough to avoid allowing undesired microorganisms thrive and penetrating the outdoor plant. However, this is all dependent on the kind of outdoor plants that constitute your garden. With extremely sensitive outdoor plants, you have to more careful on the kind of mulching application you carry out.
- A clean slate is a free slate
To protect outdoor plants from disease conditions, you need to take proactive steps to rid your garden of undesired rubbish. This would not only protect your outdoor plants from what is out there but also protect them from the enemies within.
It is important to dispose of all dead leaves from the past, especially when there has been an outbreak of disease condition previously. While it might seem easier to keep old foliage for new outdoor plants, it poses enormous risks to the plants.
Watch out for those Insects
Sadly, certain insects do more than pollinate your outdoor plants. They eat up plant leaves and kill the stem depending on the species of the plants. Many insects act as vectors for diseases which affect the health of the plants. Insects like aphids and caterpillars are notorious culprits. They transfer diseases from one plant to another in the same way mosquitoes transfer the malaria pathogen to a healthy host. You might want to get rid of these insects by applying pesticides.
Be Careful with that Fertilizer application
While fertilizer application is supposed to provide nutrients to the soil and, in turn, help the growth of your outdoor plants, fertilizers are toxic to plants when they are applied in excess to the soil. Just like certain things demoralize your immune system making your body susceptible to diseases, fertilizers damage plants parts which make them unable to fend off the numerous diseases that are waiting for the slightest opportunity to consume the outdoor plant.
Rather than a scattergun approach to replenishing the nutrients of the soil through the use of fertilizers, consider carrying out a soil test, and understand the nutrients missing from the soil. This way, you can apply fertilizers with only those nutrients.
Outdoor plants have their challenges, especially as they have to put up with the tantrums of the weather. Disease conditions shouldn’t add to those problems. It is believed the dictates of this piece has helped you avoid the catastrophe of a disease outbreak on your garden.